Diseases of the head and neck, including tonsillitis, middle ear infections, sinusitis and various tumors, often require surgical intervention after medical treatment has failed.
Many of the symptoms of those maladies are caused or aggravated by allergies.
An ENT (Ear Nose & Throat Surgeon or Otolaryngologist) is a surgeon who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the head and neck, including facial disorders, nasal and pharyngeal disease, sinus and allergy disease and problems with the ears and hearing loss.
Ears, including hearing loss
Pediatric diseases: Common pediatric ENT problems include middle ear infections (otitis media), tonsillitis and adenoid enlargement. Frequent middle ear infections may require the placement of tubes in the eardrums to relieve pressure, alleviate pain and prevent future infections. Enlarged or frequently infected tonsils may require removal, as may enlarged adenoids.
Hearing loss may be caused by damage to the structures of the ear or acoustic nerve or by degenerative aging changes. An ENT surgeon will evaluate the severity of the hearing loss and recommend medical or surgical intervention if appropriate.
Nose, Sinuses and Allergies
Nasal abnormalities include nosebleeds, deviated septum, nasal polyps and nasal airway obstruction. Sinuses may become inflamed or blocked, due to allergies, structural abnormalities or chronic infection.
Allergies are caused by the body’s reaction to an external irritant. ENT clinics can evaluate the specific cause of an allergy and recommend treatment to diminish or eliminate symptoms.
ENT physicians can evaluate and treat certain skin cancers and non-cancerous lesions in the head and neck area.
Some cases of dizziness may be related to pathology in the inner ear. This can be evaluated by an ENT surgeon and treated medically or surgically, depending on the cause of the problem.